The branches of faith in Islam are parts of faith, and the Prophet mentioned that they are seventy-several branches, or sixty-six branches, as in the hadith. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, said: “The faith is seven and seventy people, so he preferred it to say: There is no Allah but Allah.
Meaning of Shu’ba
Ibn Hajar said: What is meant is the tuft or part; The meaning of the hadith is: seventy-few traits, then they were used in the number between three and ten. And in “al-Qamus,”: it is between three and nine or five, or between one and four, or from four to nine, then they use the number between three and ten.
Determine the number of Shu’ba
Several narrations came from the hadith of Abu Hurairah on the authority of the Prophet, specifying the number of Shu’ba
- Sixty-six: (Faith is sixty-two branches, and modesty is a branch of faith).
- Seventy-two: (Faith has seventy-two branches).
Shu’ba set faith
Al-Qadi Iyad said: The group is tasked with enumerating these people by way of ijtihad, and judging that this is what is meant is the difficulty. The lack of knowledge of limiting this to detail in faith does not disqualify it. Al-Nawawi said: The discussion about defining these people is long, and I have compiled books on that. Among the most abundant of them are the benefits of the book (Al-Minhaj) by Abu Abdullah Al-Halimi, the imam of the Shafi’is in Bukhara. Al-Hafiz Abu Bakr al-Bayhaqi followed suit in his book (Shu’ba of Faith).
Shu’ba of faith
- Saying there is no Allah but Allah
- Belief in the Messengers
- Belief in angels
- Faith in Allah’s books
- Belief in the Last Day
- Belief in predestination, whether it is good or bad
- establish prayer
- Paying the Zakat
- Strive or Struggle
- honor one’s parents
- family kinship
- the dream
- honoring the guest
- performance of the fiduciary
- Mention of Allah
- thank Allah
- fear of Allah
- Hope in Allah and greed for what He has
- Allah’s love
- trust in Allah
- Adoration of Allah
- Glory to Allah Almighty
- Satisfaction with what Allah has decreed
- Allah’s love
- The believer rejoices in his good deeds
- The right of a Muslim to his brother
- Seeking knowledge
- Eat halal and avoid haram
- Muslim peace Muslims from his tongue and his hand
- Prayers for Muslim men and women
- Palace of hope for the people of faith
- Keepers of Allah’s limits
- Removing something harmful from the road
Ranks of Shu’ba of Faith
People vary in their faith levels; some are at the highest levels of faith, and some are at the lowest, and between the highest and lowest levels of faith are multiple peoples. Ibn al-Qayyim said: Faith is the origin of several people, and each division is called faith, so prayer is from faith, as well as Zakat. Pilgrimage, fasting, and esoteric works, and there is a great diversity of people between them.
Al-Nawawi said: The discussion about defining these people is long, and I have compiled books on that. Among the most abundant of them are the benefits of the book (Al-Minhaj) by Abu Abdullah Al-Halimi, the imam of the Shafi’is in Bukhara. Al-Hafiz Abu Bakr al-Bayhaqi followed his example in his book (The People of Faith).